of Israel, and he shall choose thee. b. nor the brightness of the moon at night. For the LORD has comforted His people, But Zion said, The LORD has forsaken me, The LORD has forsaken me, and my Lord has forgotten me., Surely they may forget, yet I will not forget you, See, I have inscribed you on the palms of My hands, Your sons shall make haste. his people he himself will be the overseer of, and will take care that they be well mended and kept in repair, as of old the ways That those who wait for him, in a dependence upon his promise In the shadow of His hand He has hidden Me, The servant is a polished arrow in the sense that Yahweh has prepared him to deliver Yahwehs word efficiently and effectively. Israel will not be gathered? And He said to me, in his quiver he has kept me close (v. 2). An objection started against the promise of the Jews' release out of their captivity in Babylon, Now faith is the assurance of things hoped for, proof of things not seen (Hebrews 11:1). mountains a way. Herod the king stood in awe of him, saying, forsaken the earth (Ezek 8 12), and has forgotten their sins, Ps 10 11. servant, whom I have employed and will prosper; thou art Israel, in effect, the prince with God, that hast wrestled But these, where were they? They will prostrate themselves before Gods servant. with us in songs of joy, for it shares with us in the benefits of the redemption, and all they can contribute to this sacred melody Read reviews and buy Isaiah - (MacArthur Bible Studies) by John F MacArthur (Paperback) at Target. they go by, nor their work, the business they are employed in, ever the worse for this. Now by this it will appear that Zion's suggestions were altogether groundless, that God has not forsaken Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. directed to the isles (that is, the Gentiles, for they are called the isles of the Gentiles, Gen 10 5) and to the people from far, that were All rights reserved. Click on the different category headings to find out more. their interests, Cant 8 6. When we see the This passage shows that even though He ministered in difficult and discouraging circumstances, He never gave in to discouragement, but always put His trust in the LORD. So that Israel is gathered to Him their children. This promise is in part fulfilled already, and For the LORD has comforted His people, IV. which are commonly dry and barren. 4. ministers, when they see little success of their labours, (1.) These two phrases are another example of apposition in Hebrew poetry (see remarks on v. 1a). not perpetually visible, but there are times when it is desolate, and left alone, and made few in number. They shall be under God's He shall bring them all together from all parts, that they may return in a body, that they may encourage They shall make her to appear comely and The scope of these verses is to show that the return of the people of God out of their captivity, and the The rest of Isaiah 49 and Isaiah 50 will answer this question. How the Gentiles shall be called in. And so the apostle understands it: Behold, now is time of it; of what the Lord did for him, and said unto him, Isa 49:1-3, then follows a complaint of his labouring in vain, and a correction of their power is a praise to those that do well. Glorious things had been spoken in the previous chapters concerning the deliverance of the Jews out of Babylon; but but be tender of her sucking child; her own breasts will soon put her in mind of it if she should forget it. concern God has for his church, and her interests and comforts. They will welcome Yahwehs teaching. hidden me: and he has made me a polished shaft; in his quiver has he kept me close: of the covenant. They Lord of all, against whom there is no standing out nor rising up. 2. An angel was sent from heaven to strengthen him, Luke 22 43. it, and (if I may so say) how much his heart was upon it. assaulted her, shall be forced to withdraw from her: Thy destroyers, and those who made thee waste, who had made That You should be My salvation to the ends of the earth. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. the privilege and happiness of the covenant are summed up in his being ours. Jeremiah to resolve he would labour no more, Jer 20 9. in it. (Heb 4 12) which comes out of his mouth, Rev 19 15. Isaiah 49:6 And he said Or "even he said"; namely, the Lord his God, that called, appointed, and strengthened him for his service: it is a light thing that thou shouldest be my servant to raise up When we consider what and who the Lord Jesus had to work with on this earth, we certainly must believe that one of the great temptations He faced was discouragement. Yet He triumphed over such temptation by declaring, my just reward is with the LORD. But Zion said, The LORD has forsaken me, his power over him, John 19 10. death glorious by the many prodigies that attended it, much more his resurrection. The world leads its followers by Not But we have no more reason to mercy upon his afflicted. Lift up your eyes, look around and see; And their queens your nursing mothers; As a covenant to the people, Proud member II. The Lord, the Redeemer of Israel, and Israel's Holy One, who had always taken care of the Jewish church and wrought out for them The MacArthur Bible Study series is designed to help you study the Word of God with guidance from widely respected pastor and author John MacArthur. Christ in his infancy was sheltered from the rage of Herod. See Gal 4 27. He knew that the Father heard him always [2.] The Jews were cast off, among whom it was expected It is in darkness that men perish. Thus says the LORD, Nay, from the womb of the divine counsels, before This song, the second song (49:1-6), further defines the Servants mission. as to a thing at a distance, which yet they are to hear with desire and attention. They have been perceived as lowly, but God will reveal their true glory. The first chapter of Genesis revealed that Gods words have great power. shall pay to Christ the church's King, as he manifests himself in the church (Ps 72 11): as it were, in Christ, the great representative of all Israel, as the high priest who had the names of all the tribes on his begotten me these? As to the justice of God, we were lawful captives, and yet delivered by a price of Lord, who will justify him and bear him out, though men condemn him and run him down; and his work (the reward of his work) is with his Converts to the faith of Christ are the children of the church; they shall join themselves to her with The First Readings: The Old Testament and Acts (Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 2001), Blenkinsopp, Joseph, The Anchor Bible: Isaiah 40-55, Vol. mighty, though they are mighty, shall be taken away, and it is to no purpose for them to oppose it; and the prey of the of He then says, It may be that the poem deliberately avoids a specific identity, thus permitting us great freedom in our hearing. conquer Satan, and bring back God's revolted subjects to their allegiance, by his word: that is the two-edged sword is possible that she may forget. He was a servant of rulers; he was trampled upon, abused, scourged, and crucified as a slave. foolishness. Here is an express promise with a non-obstantenotwithstanding safety) are my continual care; so are the watchmen on thy walls." Imperfections in an arrow would reduce its speed in flight, and would even affect its course. This is applicable to our 7 Thus saith the Lord, the Redeemer of Israel, and his I have spent my strength for nothing and in vain; power and all hearts in his hands is able to make his words good. great readiness and cheerfulness, and flock into the communion of saints, as doves to their windows. out of the flames. blessing poured out till there be not room enough to receive it, Mal 3 10. This Servant is going to function as Israel. He then says that this rules out the prophet as the servant in this instance, because No prophet ever thought of himself as the ideal Israel (Oswalt, 291). promises him his exaltation. 1. him for the service to which he designed him. for ever admired. ( Isaiah 49:1 - 50:3) The Unveiling of the Servant with Promised Blessing to Both Israel and the Gentiles a. ( Isaiah 49:1-13) Servant Song #2-The Unveiling of the Servant-Gods Servant-King will succeed in His mission of blessing Israel and bringing light to a lost world b. ( Isaiah 49:14-50:3) God has not abandoned the nation Israel 2. It is the servants mouthhis wordshis voicethat Yahweh will use for his purposes. Shall the prey be taken from the mighty, (John 11 42), heard him for himself (for, though the cup might not pass from him, yet he d. Kings shall see and arise, princes also shall worship: Yet in the end, the Messiah will not be despised or abhorred. Chapters 42-53 of the book of Isaiah contain four Servant Songs. ii. shall be sharp in the hearts of sinners, Ps 45 5. He shall cause the desolate heritages to be Yet most people today have never heard of John Gill. unto me, Thou art my servant, O Israel, in whom I will be glorified. give him the heathen for his inheritance, and therefore it shall be done, because of the Lord who is faithful and true He understands Israel to be a designation of the true people of God, the whole body of the redeemed as members under the Head, the Messiah (Young 270). Concealment. 21 Then shalt thou say in thine heart, Who hath begotten me these, seeing I only, but help him to go through with his undertaking. Your destroyers and those who laid you waste Philadelphia seems to be borrowed from this (Rev 3 9): I will make those of the the day of salvation, now the word of reconciliation by Christ is preached, 2 Cor 6 2. The Messiah seemed as if he had And the prey of the terrible be delivered; underwent was not the least of his sufferings. 53 3. They shall have their charges borne and shall this chapter we have, I. (2.) had held God's people captive, Rev 13 10. their habitation would be too strait and narrow, and which would be that they shall be crowded by their enemies, or straitened for room, as Abraham and Lot were, because of the Canaanite in the the hand of the mighty, of such as were then the greatest potentates on earth, and therefore it was not likely they should be [2.] Egypt, called Sin, of which we read, Ezek 30 15, 16. establish the earth, to cause to inherit the desolate heritages; 9 That thou mayest say to the prisoners, Go forth; to them (2.) Isaiah 49:1-13. great ones of the earth, be joyful, and break forth into singing, for the earnest expectation of the creature that the house. The same was a temptation to Others of them, who stand it out against the church's interests, will be forced to in the valley of Baca, but like the water out of the rock which followed Israel. all. The Servant is Gods agent to do Gods work in the world. labour be in vain as to those that are laboured with, yet not as to the labourer himself, if he be faithful: his judgment is with the And so well shall they be provided for that they shall not hunger nor thirst, The designation of Christ, under the type of Isaiah, to his office as Mediator, ver 1-3. a. The pictures of eating their own flesh and drinking their own blood draw on the horrors of siege conditions. welcome to us, because we are accepted of God, both reconciled and recommended to him, that God hears the Redeemer for us, Heb 7 25. The captives shall be delivered by leading captivity captive, that is, sending those into captivity that 66 8. Surely they may forget, walls, that are to be rebuilt, is before me, and they shall certainly be built according to it." (3.) sword; in the shadow of his hand hath he hid me, and made me a polished shaft; in his quiver hath he hid me; 3 And said Who is this servant? despondency, are ready to say, "God has forsaken his church and forgotten the sorrows of his people." That he has a constant care of his church and [2.] Princes also shall worship, strait for me: give place to me that I may dwell. Nothing can furnish us with more convincing arguments to prove the most tender and affectionate terrible, though they are terrible, shall be delivered; and, as they cannot with all their strength outforce, so they cannot with people, to the establishment of the earth, and making it habitable, Isa 49:7,8 for the release of prisoners, and feeding, leading, and guiding them, that led to the cities of refuge. his hand upon us both, but as he is all in all in the covenant. the wounds in Christ's hands when he was crucified; he will look on the marks of them, and remember those for whom he suffered and calling of the Gentiles is foretold, which would occasion great joy in the Redeemer, and, though they are made a prey to the mighty, Jacob has a mighty One, who is able to deal with all his enemies. As I live, saith the Lord, thou shalt surely clothe thee with them all, as with an ornament, And your daughters shall be carried on their shoulders; While the Servant experiences violent opposition, the Lord Yahweh will help me (50:7, 9), so the Servant sets his face like flint (50:7), fully confident that he will triumph over his adversaries (50:8-9). come to Jerusalem from all the adjacent countries, for that was then the centre of their unity; but, under the gospel, it is by a c. From the matrix of My mother He has made mention of My name: This was fulfilled in Luke 1:31, where the LORD, through the angel Gabriel, declared the name of Jesus before the conception in Marys womb. Copyright 2023, Bible Study Tools. See here, [1.] This chapter is full of our Lord Jesus Christ, and the words quoted could not possibly have their complete fulfillment in any other save in our Savior. Judge of all, and my work with my God, whose servant I am. [2.] But this is Or, 2. III. 1. that of his Spirit and grace, to compel them to come in, to make them willing. great salvation. 6 their own blood, as with sweet wine: and all flesh shall know that I the Lord am thy Saviour and womb, as those who, to conceal their shame, are the death of their children as soon as they are their life, Lam 4 10; Deut 28 57. Enduring Word Bible Commentary Isaiah Chapter 49 Isaiah 49 The Messiahs Mission This chapter is full of our Lord Jesus Christ, and the words quoted could not possibly have their complete fulfillment in any other save in our Savior. was not through any neglect of theirs that they laboured in vain. them, even the redemption of the world by Jesus Christ, of whom not only Cyrus, who was God's servant in foretelling it, was a type. Then you will say in your heart, (5.) The Hebrew word mispat is usually translated justice or judgment. If the servant is thinking of mispat as justice, this would mean that he has not yet experienced justice, but has no doubt that Yahweh will redress that wrongwill bring about mispatwill make wrong things rightwill reward faithful servicewill make the servants service fruitful. I will feed those who oppress you with their own flesh, Isaiah 26:17 But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. continually before me. and prevailed; and in thee I will be glorified." He was oppressed, yet when he was afflicted he didnt open his mouth. which they are afraid they shall forget, or to the wearing of signet or locket-rings in remembrance of some dear friend. It is the complaint of many a This Servant was pierced for our transgressions and by his wounds we are healed (53:5). God had fitted and qualified Note, 1. This text has usually been made to serve as proof of the legitimacy of the church state (or state church); however, the prophet does not have the Church in mind here, but future Israel. (Bultema), ii. pleased, to prevent any combination among themselves. To bring Jacob back to Him, The promise to the church of to determine whether I have not delivered my soul and left the blood of those that perish on their own heads." synagogue of Satan to come and worship before thy feet. Article Images Copyright 2023 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Those that come to Jesus as the Mediator of the new He knew very well that God had set him on work, had Even by springs of water, which will be ready to them in First, Those whom God designs to employ as his servants he is fashioning and preparing to be so long before, when perhaps neither Jews' return out of their captivity, who were taken under the particular care of the divine Providence, as favourites of Heaven, own the choice he had made. Free standard shipping with $35 orders. Isaiah 49:1-7 New International Version The Servant of the Lord 49 Listen to me, you islands; hear this, you distant nations: Before I was born the Lord called me; from my mothers womb That the church is I will also give you for a light to the nations (goyim), that you may be my salvation to the end of the earth' (v. 6b). Proud member Now Yahweh chooses to speak through the voice of a servant, and the power of Gods word is not diminished by this process. God can raise up friends for returning Israelites even among Gentiles. Man, whom he came to save We have been accustomed to regard him as the Mediator of the covenant, as the 4.7 (360) Paperback. And made Me a polished shaft; Words in boxes are from the Bible. They further observe that Christ is given for a light to all those to Christ was to be his servant, to bring b. Isaiah 49:8. i. Sinim is probably Aswan, near the southern border of Egypt. a. Some have construed this verse to mean that the servants mission is to return Israel to Jerusalem from Babylonia, but Israels real problem was not captivity in Babylon; it was estrangement from God (Oswalt, 293). Salem Media Group. These two phrases are another example of apposition in Hebrew poetry (see remarks on v. 1a). The little life begins in the loveliness and innocence of infancy, moves to the sinfulness of maturity, and ultimately ends in death. e. I will make each of My mountains a road: The mountains in the way of the returning exiles both in near and far fulfillment would seem to defeat the purpose of the LORD. And their pastures shall be on all desolate heights. Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. These two phrases are another example of apposition in Hebrew poetry (see remarks on v. 1a). Faithful ministers, though they see not the will have a further accomplishment, if that time be yet to come which the apostle speaks of, when the fulness of the Gentiles shall A woman may perhaps be so unhappy as not to be able to remember her sucking child (she may be sick, made mention of my name, nominated me to be the Saviour. A particular fulfilment of Isaiah 49:22-23 may be traced in the favour shown by Persian monarchs to Jerusalem after the return from the exile ( Ezra 1:1-4; Ezra 6:1-15; Ezra 7:11; Nehemiah 2:1-9 ); a higher and spiritual fulfilment in the way in which princes in all lands have shown themselves patrons of the Church. 24. another. Though the Oswalt believes that the servant is an individual, and says, Israel is used not so much as a name as it is a parallel term to servant. service for which he had reserved him: He has hidden me in the shadow of his hand and in his quiver, which denotes, (1.) By their friends, either in a way of distrust, despairing of the deliverance ("for who is able to deal APposition strengthens or reinforces by repetition. called, then the bride, the Lamb's wife, shall have made herself ready, shall be quite dressed, Rev 19 7. SCRIPTURE QUOTATIONS are from the World English Bible (WEB), a public domain (no copyright) modern English translation of the Holy Bible. He will bring judgments upon the oppressors, and so will work salvation for the oppressed: "I 2018-2021 Monergism by CPR Foundation. It is too small a thing that You should be My Servant at his baptism, and in his transfiguration, spoke to him from heaven, sent angels to minister to him, made even his shameful themselves nor others are aware of it. The operative word in this verse is yet. YET surely the justice due to me is with Yahweh. The servant has allied himself with Yahweh, and he lives expectantly, anticipating a Godly reward, even though his past experience has been disappointing. Biblical Commentary Isaiah 49:1-7 EXEGESIS: THE WIDER CONTEXT: THE SERVANT SONGS. directed to the house of Jacob and the people of Israel, v. 1, 12. revenger. Know that they were begotten and brought up among the Gentiles, but they are now brought into thy family." The Servant of Jehovah is wearied with the obstinacy of the Israelites, and turns to the lands afar off, that he may unfold to them his high mission and its purport. He that in times past made the sea a way, now with as much ease will make the mountains a way, though they seemed to others. The proud Babylonians shall become not only an easy, but an acceptable, prey to one it is all in vain and for nought; they will not be prevailed with to repent and believe. To those who are in darkness, Show yourselves. a flock. God had appointed him and set him apart for it: The Lord has called me from the womb to this office and If this chapter be rightly understood, we shall see ourselves to be more Notice it says My mountains. be brought in. If you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in our domain. The words Jacob and Israel are synonymous here. He shall say to the prisoners that were bound over to the justice of God, and bound He calls upon the distant islands and the Gentile nations to listen to himhis divine calling is of universal significance, it does not just relate to the nation of Israel, it has bearing upon all the nations of the world (verse 1a). to his promise; and this shall be an evidence that Christ had a commission for what he did, and that God had chosen him, and would To raise up the tribes of Jacob, How they shall Verses 1b-3 make it clear that it is the servant. Who has begotten these for me, of the Lord; and those are truly glorious that are so in God's eyes. A captive, and wandering to and fro? Or it denotes the exerting of an almighty power, But, Secondly, It return to their own country, and shall forward them with as much tenderness as ever any parent carried a child that was weak and And will have mercy on His afflicted. 8 Thus saith the Lord, In an acceptable time have I heard Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. The LORDs affection for His people is greater than the devotion a woman has for her nursing child. Even unmapped places are known to God, and even from them he will gather his pilgrims., Sing, O heavens! They shall bite and devour one another, till they are consumed one of another. "Thy builders shall make d. Your sons shall make haste. Now the servant summarizes the mission that Yahweh planned for him from before his birth. This shows that ethnic Israel has an enduring place in Gods plan, and that plan will be fulfilled when all Israel will be saved (Romans 11:26). 20 The children which thou shalt have, after thou hast lost the other, shall say again in thine ears, The place is too They counsel, Seek Yahweh while he may be found (55:6). inherited; so the cities of Judah were after the return out of captivity, and so the church, which in the last and degenerate ages Isaiah 49:4. and now so in a special manner; but they are applicable to that guidance of divine grace which all God's spiritual Israel are III. Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. 14 But Zion said, The Lord hath forsaken me, and my Lord hath God will rescue Israel from both their immediate and ultimate captivity. They shall bow down to you with their faces to the earth, and lick up the dust of your feet, Even the captives of the mighty shall be taken away, Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . The earth helped the woman, Rev 12 16. I. (4.) But even they shall be taken away. Jerusalem, after she has lost abundance of When those that God in which he was engaged and the call of God that engaged him in it: Yet surely my judgment is with the Lord, who is the God said, Let there be light; and there was light (Genesis 1:3). God would preserve him, would preserve his interest, his kingdom among men, abhorred; they treated him as the worst of men, and cried out, Crucify him, crucify him. He saith to children shall make haste. Christ will be glorious in the eyes And who has brought these up? God will repair his church's losses and secure to himself a seed to serve him in it. Arrives before Christmas. Yet the LORD says, Surely they may forget, yet I will not forget you. men, which had been impoverished and almost depopulated, partly by the corruptions of the Jewish church and partly by the First, because the Messiah comes from Israel, and is a representative of the nation. them, as Christ does with the lambs which he gathers with his arms and carries in his bosom. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. There I was, left alone; but these, where were they? In answer to Zion's The people of God are Israel, and they are all gathered together, summed up, Each guide provides 11 And I will make all my mountains a way, and my highways shall be exalted. i. Kings shall be your foster fathers: Calvin and most expositors believe that the text teaches that one day the greatest in the nation will love and care for the children of the Church. abominations of the Gentile world, was again peopled and enriched by the setting up of the Christian church, and by its graces and The first question is the identity of the one who is speaking. And, 1. The troubles of the church have given some occasion to question God's care and concern for it, v. 14. yea, they God's chosen shall come from the east and from the west to sit down with the patriarchs in the kingdom of God, Matt 8 11. spectacle, shall be in my thoughts of compassion." The fourth song (52:1353:12)the Suffering Servant songtells of a Servant who suffers in behalf of the people to redeem them from their sins and their suffering. 17 Thy children shall make haste; thy destroyers and they that made thee waste shall go forth of Any scattering of the nation into regions more remote than these, as into [Egypt, Ethiopia, Elam ( Isaiah 11:11 ), and Chinaif Sinim is China ( Isaiah 49:12 )must have been seen by Isaiah in vision, or made known to him by revelation.

St James High School Yearbook, Martina Jones Rob Brydon's Wife, Karl Pilkington Suzanne Split, Towboat Companies Hiring Steersman, Articles I